The Effectiveness of the Kimberley Process in Eradicating Blood Diamonds

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You’ve got visited a jewelry retailer on-line and a diamond ring caught your consideration, curious as to the way it will look in your hand, you make your method to the shop to take a look on the piece. The diamond ring is of the best high quality: by way of reduce, color and hearth and brilliance; however if you ask in regards to the origins of the diamond, the salesperson can’t provide you with a correct reply of the place these gem stones have been sourced from. They might very nicely be blood diamonds — mined in an space the place there’s battle or combating, and are bought to fund armed conflicts.

To curb the proliferation of blood diamonds and its related impression, a certification course of was launched in 2003: The Kimberley Process (KP). It’s a multilateral commerce regime put into dedication by governments, civil society and the broader business, with the aim of stopping the circulate of battle diamonds. On the core of the method is the Kimberley Course of Certification Scheme (KPCS), below which nations implement safeguards on shipments of tough diamonds and certify them as “battle free”.

About 99.8 per cent of the worldwide provide for diamonds now sourced from the collaborating nations, and this proves to be an efficient bulwark towards the transaction of those illicit diamonds. Luxurious jewellers like Tiffany & Co, Cartier, Bvlgari and Harry Winston are all compliant with the KP however that doesn’t reply the query concerning the origins. 

Whereas the KP is complete, it has flaws that might invite questions concerning the legitimacy of such a course of. Firstly, smuggling actions are the highest disruptor to the efforts in combating blood diamonds. A non-participatory nation might illegally export their illicit diamonds to collaborating nations. Over on the different facet, the tough diamonds will probably be reduce and polished which considerably transforms the standard of it. For instance, a tough diamond from a battle space, as soon as polished in both Belgium or america, these nations turn into the country of origin. This implies, the “battle high quality” is eliminated and the diamonds are allowed to be a part of the provision chain, finally making its method to the fingers of the consumers as jewelry items.

Moreover, below the KPCS batches of tough diamonds are verified and never particular person stones, therefore there’s a lack of an much more thorough monitoring system as these batches might be contaminated by smuggled diamonds. So, is the KP system really one of the best for the jewelry business that’s set to be price US$480 billion by 2025? There needs to be an answer to enhancing the tracing course of and these giant jewellers need to be fast else they lose prospects who’re more and more extra discerning with their purchases.

Don’t get us fallacious, the KP nonetheless serves as an essential element in filtering out potential misguided diamonds. Nonetheless, it might be complemented with the newest know-how to shut the loophole. Enter blockchain. Principally, this know-how is extremely secured and everlasting and permits for a document of transactions for the general public to entry. Info saved on a blockchain is unalterable, which confers greater transparency in comparison with conventional types of ledgers.

Using blockchain shouldn’t be unfamiliar to luxurious manufacturers. LVMH, Richemont and Prada have announced an “unprecedented collaboration”, they’re becoming a member of fingers on a blockchain consortium known as Aura. Similar to how artworks are now connected to NFTs, particular person diamonds may be tagged to a novel digital identification. On these digital certificates, it’s going to document the origins of every stone. Setting the cogs in movement is luxurious model De Beers, which has developed a blockchain platform known as Tracr the place it “goals in the future to trace nearly each pure diamond from the mine to the retail counter,” says Jim Duffy, the CEO of Tracr. 

Jim Duffy, CEO of Tracr

From a know-how and course of perspective, implementation is pretty simple. The problem lies in making an attempt to enact this all through the complete provide chain. Developed nations can have a better time as they possess the required information and infrastructure to do the tagging. However, creating nations can battle on this side as they might not be adequately geared up, therefore, a concerted effort is required and the willpower to eradicate blood diamonds needs to be sturdy to ensure that change to be seen.  

The intention of Tracr is “not to break the industry”, but to integrate with systems in place. As there are already current information collected as firms need to earn the KPCS, it’s about “utilizing the latent information that’s been there.” As such, this ensures that the digital asset is of the best high quality. 

The diamond business as a complete has been fraught with many points and the eradication of blood diamonds is merely simply one in every of many related obstacles it faces. On a broader perspective, this effort touches upon the governance side of the business, which is a part of the ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) framework set out by the United Nations as a criterion for sustainable funding.

On the opposite elements like surroundings, the diamond business has been making progress corresponding to implementing new initiatives to seize carbon dioxide emissions corresponding to utilizing kimberlite tailings from diamond mining. That is a part of the “CarbonVault” mission by De Beers that goals for carbon-neutral and even carbon-negative mining.

Socially, the business can also be main the cost by placing extra girls in positions of administration in addition to surpassing the stipulated every day wage for the its staff. At Signet Jewelers, US’s largest jeweller iand dad or mum of Zales, Kay and James Allen, greater than 80 per cent of its workforce is represented by gender or ethnic variety. It additionally raised its firm’s minimal wage to US$15 per hour (the norm within the US is US$7.25).

As know-how advances quickly, extra options can be found for luxurious manufacturers to contemplate. This fixed innovation is what will differentiate every firm from the competitors. Therefore, in addressing the issue of blood diamonds, the know-how is current and it’s as much as these luxurious manufacturers to undertake and make the transfer… and so they need to be fast.

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