Teens and young adults overdosing on drugs for common mental health issues

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A excessive variety of teenagers and younger adults with an overdose involving a benzodiazepine (BZD), like Xanax, or psychostimulant, like Adderall—drugs generally used to deal with psychological well being points like consideration deficit hyperactivity dysfunction and anxiousness problems—have a current medical prescription for a BZD or stimulant, in keeping with Rutgers researchers who say physicians must weigh the dangers and advantages of those drugs extra intently.
The research, printed in Pediatrics, examined how usually youth who overdosed on a BZD or stimulant had a current medical prescription for that drug. In keeping with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, in 2019, 4,777 youth died from a in america—727 from overdoses involving BZD and 902 from overdoses involving psychostimulants.
They discovered that 29 % of youth with overdoses involving BZD had a doctor-written prescription distributed within the prior month and 42 % within the prior six months whereas 25 % of youth with an involving stimulants had a stimulant prescription distributed within the prior month and 39 % within the prior six months.
“Given {that a} substantial proportion of youth with overdoses involving BZD or stimulants have prescriptions for these medicine within the prior months, doctor encounters when these drugs are prescribed could provide a possibility to determine youth at excessive threat of overdose,” mentioned corresponding writer Greta Bushnell, a core member of the Middle for Pharmacoepidemiology and Remedy Sciences at Rutgers Institute for Well being, Well being Care Coverage and Ageing Analysis (IFH).
Utilizing a big United States administrative claims database masking privately insured youth between 2016 and 2018, researchers recognized youth ages 15-24 who had a hospital or emergency division encounter for an overdose involving BZD or stimulants. Researchers then utilized prescription data to determine whether or not these youth had been prescribed these drugs within the months earlier than their overdose.
Researchers additionally discovered that youth with intentional BZD and stimulant overdoses had been extra prone to have current prescriptions for these medicine than youth with unintentional overdoses.
“These findings spotlight the necessity for physicians to evaluate youth for self-injury threat who’re prescribed BZDs and stimulants, in addition to the necessity for various efforts to forestall intentional and unintentional overdoses,” mentioned Bushnell, who can be an assistant professor at Rutgers College for Public Well being. “Additional, because the potential for hurt with BZDs and stimulants will increase with different substances reminiscent of alcohol, illicit medicine, and opioids, discussions round limiting concurrent substance use is warranted.”
Future analysis quantifying the danger of overdose with BZD and stimulant remedy will inform remedy selections on this younger inhabitants, researchers mentioned.

ADHD medication ODs rising in U.S. kids, teens

Extra data:
Greta Bushnell et al, Benzodiazepine and Stimulant Prescriptions Earlier than Overdose in Youth, Pediatrics (2022). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2021-055226

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Rutgers University

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Teenagers and younger adults overdosing on medicine for widespread psychological well being points (2022, March 10)
retrieved 10 March 2022
from https://medicalxpress.com/information/2022-03-teens-young-adults-overdosing-drugs.html

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