Sexual Harassment, Assault Tied to High Blood Pressure in Women

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TUESDAY, Feb. 22, 2022 (HealthDay Information) — Sexual assault and office sexual harassment might improve ladies’s long-term danger of hypertension and coronary heart illness, a brand new examine suggests.

High blood pressure is a significant danger issue for coronary heart illness, which is the main killer of U.S. ladies, accounting for one in three deaths.

Sexual violence or harassment aren’t acknowledged as danger components for coronary heart illness, however these findings counsel that screening for them may gain advantage ladies’s heart health.

“Lowering sexual violence in opposition to ladies, which is essential in its personal proper, might also present a method for bettering ladies’s lifetime cardiovascular well being,” mentioned examine creator Rebecca Garden, a postdoctoral researcher on the Harvard T.H. Chan Faculty of Public Well being in Boston.

Her staff performed a seven-year follow-up (2008 to 2015) of greater than 33,000 ladies (common age 53) in an ongoing U.S. well being examine.

Firstly, none had a historical past of hypertension. However about one in 5 had developed hypertension by the top of the follow-up.

The findings additionally confirmed that, of their lifetime, 23% of the ladies had been victims of sexual assault; 12% had skilled office sexual harassment; and 6% had skilled each.

In comparison with these with no historical past of sexual assault or harassment, the danger of hypertension was 21% increased amongst ladies who had skilled each; 15% increased amongst those that skilled office sexual harassment; and 11% increased amongst sexual assault victims.

The findings had been revealed Feb. 22 within the Journal of the American Coronary heart Affiliation.

“We all know that experiences of sexual violence within the type of sexual assault and office sexual harassment are widespread, and that girls are disproportionately victims of such violence, with 13% to 44% of ladies reporting sexual assault and as much as 80% of ladies reporting office sexual harassment,” Garden mentioned in a journal information launch. “Nevertheless, publicity to sexual violence isn’t well known as a contributor to ladies’s cardiovascular well being.”

The researchers discovered no elevated danger of hypertension amongst ladies who had a historical past of different varieties of trauma and never sexual violence. That implies that elevated hypertension danger doesn’t look like related to all trauma publicity, she added.

“These outcomes counsel that screening for a broader vary of experiences of sexual violence in routine well being care, together with sexual harassment within the office, in addition to verbal harassment or assault, and being conscious of and treating potential cardiovascular well being penalties could also be useful for ladies’s long-term well being,” Garden mentioned.

Extra data

For extra on coronary heart illness and girls, go to the U.S. Workplace on Ladies’s Well being.

SOURCE: Journal of the American Coronary heart Affiliation, information launch, Feb. 22, 2022



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