Preharvest Use of Glyphosate Poisons Kids' Food

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This text was beforehand revealed September 4, 2018, and has been up to date with new info.

Glyphosate-based herbicides like Roundup are probably the most closely used agricultural chemical substances of all time, with 1.76 million tons being utilized to U.S. fields alone between 1974 — when glyphosate was first permitted — and 2014.1

By the tip of 2021, glyphosate utilization had expanded a lot that worldwide glyphosate gross sales have been forecasted to succeed in $4.95 billion by 2025.2 Paradoxically, in early 2022 some farmers wish to develop various, non-herbicide weed-control measures as a result of an expanded market and pandemic- and hurricane-related provide issues which have triggered provide shortages and pushed up the price of glyphosate.3

For the reason that recognition of this herbicide was constructed on reckless deceit,4 and there is actually no telling how many individuals around the globe have paid for Monsanto’s lies with their lives, it appears moderately karmic that the COVID-19 pandemic, of all issues, is what’s driving farmers to farm extra organically.

In August 2018, a jury ordered Monsanto to pay $289 million in damages to Dewayne Johnson,5,6,7,8 who developed a deadly type of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma following heavy publicity to Roundup throughout his work as a groundskeeper. The proof introduced forth in court docket was intensive and terribly damning, clearly exhibiting Monsanto — now owned by Bayer — acted with malice.

The jury determined Monsanto knew Roundup was poisonous and triggered most cancers, but hid that truth from regulators and the general public, fabricating proof on the contrary and suppressing analysis exhibiting hurt. A California appeals court docket later diminished the award to $20.5 million9 and in 2021 Bayer determined to not take that court docket’s determination to the U.S. Supreme Courtroom, letting the ultimate award stand10 You possibly can overview key paperwork from this case on the U.S. Proper to Know web site.11,12

You may also learn “Spinning Science & Silencing Scientists: A Case Study in How the Chemical Industry Attempts to Influence Science,”13 a report ready for U.S. Home members of the Committee on Science, House and Expertise, which particulars among the most necessary items of proof.

‘Nothing In need of a Cowl-Up’

In a 2018 Highwire interview,14 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and Brent Wisner, legal professionals for a few of these circumstances, mentioned different illness classes may ultimately be added to the rising mountain of lawsuits in opposition to Monsanto, as proof steered glyphosate and/or Roundup might also be linked to liver most cancers, mind tumors and well being issues related to endocrine disruption.

“We have tons of of paperwork, much more damning than these, exhibiting completely definitive misconduct” of Monsanto hiding Roundup’s threat to the general public, Wisner advised Bigtree. Since then, greater than 5,000 further plaintiffs rapidly lined up for their very own day in court docket,15 all alleging Roundup publicity triggered their Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The circumstances quickly started plodding by way of the courts, with one other plaintiff, Edwin Hardeman, successful an $80 million judgment.16 Hardeman filed his case in 2016; his ruling got here in 2019. When Bayer-Monsanto appealed the decision, a federal court docket dominated in opposition to them, awarding Hardeman a bit of over $25 million after lowering the primary jury’s punitive damages from $75 million to $20 million.17

With greater than 25,000 circumstances pending by November 2021,18 Bayer requested the SCOTUS to overview Hardeman’s case.19 Moderately than simply agreeing to listen to the case, in December 2021, the SCOTUS deferred, and requested President Biden’s administration to assist them resolve whether or not they need to hear it. Satirically, Monsanto-Bayer continues to be sustaining their product is protected, and their perspective drew the ire of environmental journalist Dave Dickey, who wrote in a February 2022 commentary:20

“In March 2015 U.S District Decide for the Northern District of California allowed public release of inside Monsanto paperwork exhibiting how Monsanto influenced EPA to reclassify glyphosate from a Class C carcinogen to a Class E class which paved the best way for glyphosate Roundup manufacturing.

It was nothing wanting a cover-up that put greed forward of public security. And now satirically we be taught the cover-up could have included Monsanto’s personal buyers … [who] are saying the German agri-giant performed quick and unfastened with the information, deceptive them on 1) the security of glyphosate and Roundup; 2) Bayer’s efforts at due diligence; and three) the authorized dangers within the acquisition of Monsanto …

Given all we already know Roundup and glyphosate ought to haven’t been unleashed on the world. However how firms like Monsanto are keen to go to virtually any size – together with duping its personal buyers — is a brand new low.”

On its web site, Bayer has now posted a five-point plan to finish the litigation,21 claiming the SCOTUS has “sturdy authorized arguments” to rule within the firm’s favor. And once more, Monsanto-Bayer steadfastly insists not solely that “glyphosate-based herbicides can be utilized safely and should not carcinogenic,” however that “a most cancers warning could be false and deceptive and misbrand the product.”

Glyphosate Present in Frequent Breakfast Meals and Snacks

Sadly, by 2018 the identical chemical proven to trigger Johnson’s deadly illness was additionally exhibiting up within the meals provide at doubtlessly unsafe ranges. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) commissioned unbiased laboratory assessments to find out how a lot glyphosate is lurking within the U.S. meals provide.

Whereas the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration has been testing meals for glyphosate, and assessments reportedly revealed “a good quantity” of residues, their findings haven’t but been made public.22

In truth, the USDA does not even check for glyphosate in among the meals most recognized for glyphosate contamination, equivalent to oats and chickpeas.23 However EWG’s testing in 2018 revealed 43 out of 45 meals merchandise made with conventionally grown oats examined optimistic for glyphosate, 31 of which had glyphosate ranges increased than EWG scientists imagine could be protecting of youngsters’s well being.

Examples of meals with detectable ranges of glyphosate included Quaker Dinosaur Eggs on the spot oatmeal, Cheerios cereal, Nature Valley granola bars, Quaker metal reduce oats and Again to Nature Traditional Granola.

Additional, of 16 natural oat meals examined, 5 contained glyphosate, though at ranges under EWG’s well being benchmark of 160 components per billion (ppb). In 2016, tests24 performed by the nonprofit organizations Meals Democracy Now! and The Detox Challenge additionally discovered glyphosate residues in quite a lot of meals together with Doritos, Oreos and Stacy’s Pita Chips.

Glyphosate has even been detected in PediaSure Enteral Formulation dietary drink, which is given to infants and youngsters through feeding tubes. Thirty % of the samples examined contained ranges of glyphosate over 75 ppb — far increased ranges than have been discovered to destroy intestine micro organism in chickens (0.1 ppb).25

Kids Seemingly Ingest Unsafe Ranges of Glyphosate From Meals

Publicity to glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicide formulations, even at low ranges, has been linked to quite a lot of well being dangers. As an example, one examine discovered that every day publicity to ultra-low ranges of glyphosate for 2 years led to nonalcoholic fatty liver illness in rats,26 whereas the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) decided that glyphosate is a “possible human carcinogen” in 2015.

As of July 2017, California’s Environmental Safety Company’s Workplace of Environmental Well being Hazard Evaluation (OEHHA) additionally listed glyphosate as a chemical recognized to trigger most cancers underneath Proposition 65, which requires client merchandise with potential cancer-causing elements to bear warning labels. In response to EWG:27

“OEHHA has proposed a so-called No Vital Danger Stage for glyphosate of 1.1 milligrams per day for a median grownup of about 154 kilos. That degree of publicity is greater than 60 occasions decrease than the security degree set by the Environmental Safety Company.”

Publicity to glyphosate at OEHHA’s threat degree would current an elevated lifetime threat of most cancers of 1 in 100,000 for an grownup, however EWG factors out that an extra tenfold margin of security could also be needed to guard these most susceptible, like youngsters and fetuses. Utilizing this system, just about all the meals examined by EWG may very well be damaging to human well being:28

“With this extra youngsters’s well being security issue, EWG calculated {that a} 1-in-a-million most cancers threat could be posed by ingestion of 0.01 milligrams of glyphosate per day. To succeed in this most dose, one would solely must eat a single 60-gram serving of meals with a glyphosate degree of 160 components per billion, or ppb.

Nearly all of samples of standard oat merchandise from EWG’s examine exceeded 160ppb, which means {that a} single serving of these merchandise would exceed EWG’s well being benchmark …

The EPA has calculated that 1- to 2-year-old youngsters are prone to have the very best [glyphosate] publicity, at a degree twice higher than California’s No Vital Danger Stage and 230 occasions EWG’s well being benchmark.”

Why so A lot Glyphosate within the Meals Provide?

A lot of the greater than 280 million kilos of glyphosate sprayed on American crop fields every year29 are used on genetically engineered (GE) crops30 like Roundup-ready corn and soybeans, that are designed to face up to the chemical’s in any other case deadly results.

Nevertheless, whereas selecting non-GMO meals would look like a great way to scale back your publicity to glyphosate, some grains, even when they don’t seem to be GE, might be closely contaminated with glyphosate. The rationale for it’s because the chemical can be used as a desiccant and/or preharvest remedy to hurry ripening.

Primarily, by spraying glyphosate on the grain proper earlier than harvest, it dries (desiccates) the grain, making it simpler to reap. Desiccation can be used to enhance earnings, as farmers are penalized when the grain accommodates moisture. The higher the moisture content material of the grain at sale, the decrease the value they get.

Whereas GMOs have been thought-about probably the most closely contaminated, for the reason that glyphosate is inside every cell of the GE plant, the preharvest software of glyphosate on non-GMO grains seems to be the first cause for why glyphosate is now present in just about all meals examined.

It is also present in air,31 rain, groundwater and soils,32 municipal water provides,33 and urine.34 An unbiased examine even discovered it in vaccines, together with pneumococcal, Tdap, hepatitis B (which is injected on the day of delivery), influenza and MMR.35

The MMR vaccine had the very best quantities at 2.671 ppb. But, when the investigating group, Mothers Throughout America, requested the CDC and FDA to test into their findings with their very own assessments, they acquired a response with 50% of the pages redacted or clean.36

GMO and Non-GMO Grains Closely Contaminated With Glyphosate

In response to a 2017 study37 by College of California San Diego Faculty of Drugs researchers, “The herbicide Roundup is sprayed onto genetically modified crops and utilized as a desiccant to most small nongenetically modified grains.”

So, whether or not we’re speaking about Roundup Prepared GE crops or standard, non-GE grains, glyphosate, the lively ingredient in Roundup, “is present in these crops at harvest.” In an announcement, a spokesperson for Quaker acknowledged that glyphosate is usually used preharvest:38

“Glyphosate is usually utilized by farmers throughout the business who apply it preharvest. As soon as the oats are transported to us, we put them by way of our rigorous course of that completely cleanses them (dehulled, cleaned, roasted and flaked).

Any ranges of glyphosate which will stay are considerably under any limits and effectively inside compliance of the security requirements set by the Environmental Safety Company (EPA) and the European Fee as protected for human consumption.”

Nevertheless, EWG’s testing revealed one pattern of Quaker oats with 1,300 ppb of glyphosate, and one other with 1,100 ppb. Together with wheat and oats, different crops which might be generally desiccated with glyphosate embody:



Non-GE soybeans

Non-GE corn


Rye and buckwheat




Sugar beets



Why Do Farmers Use Glyphosate Preharvest?

Contemplating the toxicity of glyphosate and Roundup, utilizing both as a desiccant is an unconscionable alternative. As famous in a current Producer article:39

“Cereals Canada and different business teams have warned farmers that glyphosate is underneath elevated scrutiny. Subsequently, when producers use glyphosate as a harvest support, they have to rigorously adhere to label pointers to stop unacceptably excessive residue ranges within the grain.

When agronomists are requested about utilizing glyphosate as a desiccant, the usual response is: ‘glyphosate just isn’t a desiccant,’ which is tactful method of claiming, ‘if a producer plans to desiccate, he ought to use an precise desiccant.'”

The Monsanto pamphlet “Preharvest Staging Information”40 notes Roundup formulation “shouldn’t be used as a desiccant,” as Roundup model herbicides “work slower than a desiccant.” Actual Agriculture has additionally famous that “glyphosate just isn’t a desiccant,” doing “little or no to extend dry-down charges.”41 But, some farmers proceed to make use of it to assist pace up their wheat, barley and oats harvests, regardless that it is not registered as a desiccant.42

Total, the appliance of glyphosate “will solely pace up harvest by a number of days,” Actual Agriculture states. Nonetheless, making use of glyphosate preharvest is a standard observe to reinforce ripening and a few could use it as a desiccant anyway.43 Improper timing might also contribute to contamination.

As defined by Michigan State College Extension in “Preharvest Choices for Soybeans,”44 it is necessary to ensure that all pods have misplaced all inexperienced colour earlier than utilizing Roundup for desiccating. Moreover, the “Preharvest purposes of glyphosate should not really useful for soybeans grown for seed no matter trait, and these purposes is not going to management glyphosate-resistant weeds.”

Basic Mills Sued Over Glyphosate Residues

Farmers and meals producers higher begin reconsidering their use of glyphosate throughout preharvest, although, or put together to face authorized penalties. Simply six days after Johnson’s win in opposition to Monsanto, a class-action lawsuit was filed in opposition to Basic Mills in Florida. In response to Meals Navigator-USA:45

“Plaintiff Mounira Doss argued that Basic Mills had an obligation to reveal the presence of glyphosate in Cheerios cereal merchandise, however failed to take action.

At 470 to 530 components per billion, the degrees of glyphosate Doss alleges have been in Cheerios merchandise examined by the Environmental Working Group in August 2018 are effectively under permitted EPA thresholds for glyphosate in grains (set at … 30,000 ppb in grains, cereal group 15).

Nevertheless, Doss argues that ‘Scientific proof exhibits that even ultra-low ranges of glyphosate could also be dangerous to human well being,’ and notes that glyphosate just lately joined the Prop 65 checklist of chemical substances ‘recognized to trigger most cancers …’ and was discovered by the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) to be ‘most likely carcinogenic to people.'”

Are Different Desiccants Protected?

Except for the off-label use of glyphosate, two generally used registered desiccants are paraquat and diquat. The query is, are they any safer than glyphosate? Meals just isn’t examined for these or different desiccants, and neither has acquired a lot media protection.

Nevertheless, Politico46 identified that the European Meals Security Authority (EFSA) has expressed issues over diquat, made by Syngenta. In response to Politico, “the Swiss agrichemical large has averted an EU ban on the product after mounting a marketing campaign to undermine the watchdog’s findings.”

Sound acquainted? They’ve clearly taken a web page proper out of Monsanto’s playbook. Paperwork launched by EFSA to Politico “present the [European] Fee twice withdrew a proposal to take away … diquat from the market after the corporate questioned the methodology behind EFSA’s science.”

In response to EFSA,47 diquat poses extreme dangers to agricultural employees. The chemical has the power to disrupt the human hormonal system, and in some circumstances “publicity to the product … exceeded acceptable ranges by a number of thousand %.”48 It is also been discovered to disrupt the reproductive cycles of each mammals and birds.

Within the U.S., the Nationwide Institute for Occupational Security and Well being has linked a minimum of 5 deaths to the chemical, together with hundreds of sicknesses. British research49 has additionally discovered diquat is extra prone to trigger Parkinson’s than paraquat — a chemical that is already been banned within the EU for its hyperlink to Parkinson’s.

Total, desiccants should not essentially a required a part of farming. The harvest can dry naturally, but it surely takes longer, and subsequently prices extra. Nevertheless, the query we actually have to ask ourselves is: at what worth pace and revenue? Is it actually value poisoning the meals simply to hurry up ripening and drying?

Bayer Harm by but One other Monsanto Mistake

Within the week following Johnson’s verdict, Bayer inventory fell by 18%, evaporating about $14 billion of the corporate’s market worth (a loss equal to 21% of Monsanto’s complete acquisition worth).50 However Roundup toxicity wasn’t the one trigger for the inventory tumble.

Merchants additionally cited mounting lawsuits over dicamba-related crop harm as a driving issue.51 For the third 12 months in a row, big swaths of land have been destroyed by chemical burns from this poisonous weed killer.

As feared by many critics, any crop that’s not genetically engineered (GE) to be immune to dicamba is severely broken by even small quantities of the herbicide — be it meals crops, gardens or bushes; even different GE crops immune to herbicides apart from dicamba shrivel and die in its presence.

Monsanto promised its XtendiMax with VaporGrip formulation could be much less risky and fewer liable to drift than older variations, however this seems to be yet one more Monsanto fantasy. In 2017, 3.6 million acres of non-GE soybeans — a complete of 4 % of all soy grown within the U.S. — have been destroyed by dicamba drift, based on Reuters.52

As of July 2018, an estimated 1 million acres of nondicamba-resistant crops had been destroyed.53 By 2021, hundreds of farmers had reported their crops broken by dicamba drift as far-off as a mile and a half from the dicamba-sprayed fields.54 Householders have additionally reported destruction of bushes and personal gardens.

Dicamba-resistant soy was supposed to exchange the failed Roundup Prepared line of soy however, based on Reuters,55 the EPA “is now weighing such complaints as a part of a high-stakes determination on the herbicide’s future.”

With out the XtendiMax formulation, the dicamba-resistant soy is unlikely to face an opportunity, seeing how older dicamba formulations are strictly regulated and should not permitted throughout rising season as a result of their volatility (excessive drift potential).

In June 2020 an appeals court docket revoked the EPA’s 2018 prolonged approval of dicamba, stating that even if farmers who had pre-purchased the product may undergo some monetary losses, the EPA had not supplied ample proof to assist the approval.56

“In response, EPA permitted new dicamba licenses with some further management measures that it asserted met the court docket’s issues,” Ohio State Information reported. “Now the Biden administration is weighing the best way to tackle dicamba – and none too quickly:”57

“Farmers reportedly are seeing weeds which have developed resistance to dicamba and other herbicides really useful to be used with a brand new era of genetically engineered seeds. In response to weed specialists, that is taking place exactly as a result of farmers are using such large quantities of these chemicals through the rising season.”

Both method, it is value nothing that each Roundup and dicamba have been linked to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma,58 so whether or not we’re rising Roundup Prepared or dicamba-resistant crops, each pose critical well being dangers.

It stays to be seen whether or not EPA will proceed to increase its approval for XtendiMax, take it off the market or implement stricter limits on its use. Both of the latter two choices could be one other deep blow for Bayer, which now owns Monsanto’s portfolio of poisonous flops and failures.

Monsanto-Bayer, as you’d anticipate, says it is assured EPA will prolong its approval, but in addition urged seed sellers “to contact [EPA] to specific assist for the product,” Reuters experiences — a behind-the-scenes motion that implies they is probably not fairly as assured as they declare.

The place to Discover Safer Meals

There’s little doubt that the presence of herbicides and pesticides in meals pose a well being threat, particularly to younger youngsters. To reduce the dangers to your loved ones, take into account shopping for natural produce and authorized grass fed animal merchandise. Because the saying goes, “cash talks,” and to create change, we’ve to vote for the agricultural system we wish with our pocketbooks.

Whereas many grocery shops now carry natural meals, it is preferable to supply yours from native growers at any time when potential, as a lot of the natural meals bought in grocery shops is imported. Should you reside within the U.S., the next organizations may help you find farm-fresh meals:

Demeter USA — supplies a listing of licensed Biodynamic farms and types. This listing may also be discovered on

American Grassfed Association — The purpose of the American Grassfed Affiliation is to advertise the grass fed business by way of authorities relations, analysis, idea advertising and public training.

Their web site additionally permits you to seek for AGA-approved producers licensed based on strict requirements that embody being raised on a weight-reduction plan of 100% forage; raised on pasture and by no means confined to a feedlot; by no means handled with antibiotics or hormones; born and raised on American household farms. — supplies lists of farmers recognized to supply uncooked dairy merchandise in addition to grass fed beef and different farm-fresh produce (though not all are licensed natural). Right here you can too discover details about native farmers markets, in addition to native shops and eating places that promote grass fed merchandise.

Weston A. Price Foundation — Weston A. Worth has native chapters in most states, and plenty of of them are related with shopping for golf equipment in which you’ll be able to simply buy natural meals, together with grass fed uncooked dairy merchandise like milk and butter.

Grassfed Exchange — The Grassfed Change has an inventory of producers promoting natural and grass fed meats throughout the U.S.

Local Harvest — This web site will enable you to discover farmers markets, household farms and different sources of sustainably grown meals in your space the place you should purchase produce, grass fed meats and plenty of different goodies.

Farmers Markets — A nationwide itemizing of farmers markets.

Eat Well Guide: Wholesome Food From Healthy Animals — The Eat Effectively Information is a free on-line listing of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, shops, eating places, inns, motels and on-line shops in the USA and Canada.

Community Involved in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA) — CISA is devoted to sustaining agriculture and selling the merchandise of small farms.

The Cornucopia Institute — The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based instruments score all licensed natural manufacturers of eggs, dairy merchandise and different commodities, based mostly on their moral sourcing and genuine farming practices separating CAFO “natural” manufacturing from genuine natural practices. — Should you’re nonetheless uncertain of the place to seek out uncooked milk, try and They will let you know what the standing is for legality in your state, and supply an inventory of uncooked dairy farms in your space. The Farm to Shopper Authorized Protection Fund59 additionally supplies a state-by-state overview of uncooked milk legal guidelines.60 California residents also can discover uncooked milk retailers utilizing the shop locator out there at

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