Heart Defects Could Raise Odds for Severe COVID-19

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MONDAY, March 7, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

Individuals who had been born with a heart defect have an almost doubled danger for extreme COVID-19 sickness or dying and have to get vaccinated, put on masks and take different steps to guard themselves, researchers report.

These sufferers on the highest danger for extreme COVID-19 had been 50 and older, males, and people with different well being situations corresponding to heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, Down syndrome, diabetes or obesity, in response to the research.

“Individuals with heart defects must be inspired to obtain the COVID-19 vaccines and boosters and to proceed to observe further preventive measures for COVID-19, corresponding to mask-wearing and bodily distancing,” mentioned research creator Karrie Downing. She’s an epidemiologist on the U.S. Nationwide Heart on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities and the COVID-19 Response Workforce on the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention.

“Individuals with heart defects also needs to seek the advice of with their well being care groups about further steps to handle private dangers associated to COVID-19, given the considerably elevated danger of extreme an infection and severe issues,” Downing added.

The research analyzed information on greater than 235,600 hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers in the US collected from March 2020 to January 2021. Of these sufferers, 0.2% had a congenital heart defect.

Whereas 68% of the COVID-19 sufferers with a coronary heart defect additionally had no less than one different well being situation, the speed was 59% amongst these with out a congenital heart defect.

The research discovered that 54% of these with congenital heart defects and 43% of these with out a defect had been admitted to intensive care; 24% of these with congenital heart defects and 15% of these with out a defect required a ventilator to breathe, and 11% of these with congenital heart defects and seven% of these with out a defect died throughout hospitalization.

Sufferers with congenital heart defects remained at excessive danger for extreme COVID-19 even after they had been divided into classes by age or different well being situations.

The findings had been printed March 7 within the journal Circulation.

“Extra work is required to establish why the medical course of COVID-19 illness ends in considerably worse outcomes for some hospitalized sufferers with danger components for important COVID-19 sickness, like coronary heart defects, and never for others,” Downing mentioned in a journal information launch.

There are greater than a dozen forms of congenital heart defects, that are the most typical birth defects worldwide with a prevalence of 157 per 100,000 in 2017, in response to the American Coronary heart Affiliation.

Extra data

There’s extra on congenital coronary heart defects on the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

SOURCE: Circulation, information launch, March 7, 2022

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