Android 13: The first developer preview has arrived

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Google’s Android builders on Feb. 10, 2022 introduced the supply of the platform’s subsequent iteration. Get the main points about Android 13’s first developer preview.

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You knew it was coming. The mud has barely settled on Android 12, and Google is already working towards the subsequent tackle its cell OS. This new launch is model 13, and the large query is: Will Android 13 reside as much as the huge launch that was Android 12?

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If I needed to guess, I’d say there’s no approach Android 13 can finest Android 12. However then once more, the present shiny new factor was a significant step ahead for the platform. In spite of everything, Android 12 introduced us Materials You, which was a critical improve to the Android UI. There’s no approach Google might pull such an enormous rabbit out of that hat of magic so quickly.
That doesn’t imply Android 13 will likely be boring. It would, nevertheless, look like a really delicate launch, it doesn’t matter what tips Google has up its sleeve.
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Talking of which … what will we learn about Android 13? At this level, not a lot, however there are two main modifications and a few minor additions to report on. Let’s have a look.

Android 13: Right here’s what we all know to date

Specializing in safety in Android 13

What we all know of Android 13 in the meanwhile is the principle options Google is already touting are all about safety. First, the builders are including a little bit of safety to the best way customers share paperwork by way of a brand new picker and related APIs. Thus far, the doc picker has allowed customers to share paperwork with out the app needing any type of permission to view all media information saved on the system (because it had blanket permissions to your complete media library). To make issues worse, the picture picker APIs are utilized by third-party apps to entry the shared photographs. A brand new picture picker will likely be added to offer a protected, built-in technique for customers to pick out media information, while not having to grant entry to your complete media library.
This new picture picker will add a browsable, searchable UI that can current customers with their media libraries (sorted by date), and builders can specify that customers can see solely photographs or solely movies (most variety of media choices by default is about to at least one).
It ought to be famous that this new picture picker will likely be backported to Android 11 gadgets and newer.
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Close by system Wi-Fi permissions can also be getting one thing new, within the type of a NEARBY_WIF_DEVICES runtime permission for apps that handle connections to close by entry factors. With earlier Android releases, the placement permission necessities offered an issue for purposes that wanted to connect with close by Wi-Fi gadgets. With Android 13, the brand new NEARBY_WIF_DEVICES will use the “neverForLocation” flag, which asserts {that a} developer or app won’t ever use this permission to find out the bodily location of a tool (even when an app has been granted permission by way of ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION and/or ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION). This could go a good distance to assist builders extra simply design apps which might be privacy-friendly.

Refining Materials You in Android 13

Google launched Themed App Icons in Android 12 however the function solely supported the built-in (learn: Google) apps. With Android 13, the builders are extending this function to all builders, such that they will benefit from the Materials You Themed App icons. Builders solely want to provide a monochromatic app icon for his or her purposes and alter the adaptive icon XML.

Extra modifications in Android 13

Minor additions within the Android 13 developer preview embody:

A brand new platform API to set the consumer’s most well-liked language, which is able to assist cut back boilerplate code required by builders.
Hyphenation has been optimized by as a lot as 200%, so builders can allow it in TextViews with almost zero efficiency impression.
Help for RuntimeShader objects which is able to work with the Android Graphics Shading Language to customise portray inside Android’s canvas and filtering the
View content material. This may permit builders to create superior visible results for his or her apps.
The Android Core Libraries are being labored on to higher align with the OpenJDK 11 LTS launch.
Google Play system updates is getting much more growth such that new options (such because the picture picker and OpenJDK 11) might be pushed to gadgets with out requiring a complete OS replace.
Extra {hardware} optimizations will likely be seen, together with these for tablets, foldables and Chromebooks.

The best way to get entangled with the Developer Preview

In case you’re an Android developer, you’ll need to get an early begin on tooling your apps for the subsequent launch. To try this, you’ll be able to head over to the setup instructions and flash a system image to one of many following gadgets:

Pixel 6 Professional
Pixel 6
Pixel 5a 5G
Pixel 5
Pixel 4a (5G)
Pixel 4a
Pixel 4 XL
Pixel 4

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