17 Famous Landscape Architects And Their Best Designs

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Panorama structure is an artwork type that’s usually missed. Nevertheless, when completed nicely, it may possibly create stunning and breathtaking areas. On this article, we’ll check out some well-known panorama architects and their finest designs. From Gertrude Jekyll to Louis Benech, these designers have created a few of the most iconic landscapes in historical past!

What’s Panorama Structure?

Panorama structure is the design of outside areas that create and enhance the surroundings. It consists of the planning, design course of, administration, and stewardship of land and vegetation.

Panorama architects usually work with different professionals, corresponding to architects, planners, engineers, builders, builders, and environmentalists to create stunning and useful outside areas.

It is a comparatively new subject that has solely been round for about 150 years. It was first developed in response to the Industrial Revolution, when cities had been rising quickly and there was a necessity for extra open areas. Immediately, panorama structure is utilized in many various environments, from busy metropolis parks to non-public gardens.

Panorama architects are liable for creating areas which might be each stunning and useful. They have to think about a wide range of components, corresponding to local weather, topography, and the wants of the individuals who shall be utilizing the house. In addition they want to concentrate on environmental points corresponding to erosion and purpose for sustainable design.

Panorama Design versus Panorama Structure

Panorama design and panorama structure are two separate however associated fields. To be a panorama architect, you want a particular qualification whereas you could be a panorama designer with out formal {qualifications}.

Panorama design is the method of making a visually interesting and useful outside house. This could embody every part from selecting vegetation and flowers to designing walkways and seating areas. Panorama designers usually work with shoppers to create areas that meet their particular wants and needs.

Panorama structure is comparable, however usually offers with bigger scale initiatives corresponding to parks and public squares. Consideration have to be given to issues like drainage, site visitors move, and environmental affect when planning a undertaking.

Panorama designers could focus extra on aesthetics, whereas panorama architects want to contemplate each aesthetics and performance. Nevertheless, there’s some overlap between the 2 fields, and lots of panorama architects even have coaching in panorama design.

One other overlap is with structure itself, as many of those famend panorama architects additionally labored as constructing architects.

The most famous landscape architects in the worldEssentially the most well-known panorama architects on the planet

Well-known Panorama Architects

There are numerous well-known panorama architects who’ve made vital contributions to the sector of structure. A few of these architects have designed iconic landscapes that may be discovered everywhere in the world, whereas others have pioneered new strategies and methods for panorama design. Right here’s our choose of the very best!

1. André Le Nôtre

André Le Nôtre is understood for his work on Versailles Palace and its gardens. He designed a collection of terraces, fountains, and sculptures which might be nonetheless in use immediately.

Born in Paris, France in 1613, his ardour for backyard design got here from his father. Jean Le Nôtre was employed by King Louis XIII to take care of the Tuileries gardens.

André took over his father’s position as head gardener there in his twenties. He had a selected eye for perspective and geometry, perfecting the French formal backyard model.

Greatest André Le Nôtre panorama designs:

Palais de VersaillesChâteau de ChantillyVaux-le-VicomteChâteau de Saint-Germain-en-LayeNational Property of Saint-CloudChâteau de Fontainebleau

Palace of Versailles gardens near Paris, FrancePalace of Versailles gardens close to Paris, France

2. Frederick Regulation Olmsted

Thought-about by many to be the daddy of American panorama structure, Olmsted’s most well-known city design is Central Park in New York Metropolis. Accomplished in 1858, the park spans greater than 800 acres and is likely one of the hottest vacationer locations within the metropolis.

Olmsted additionally designed parks and landscapes in different main cities like Boston and Buffalo. His designs had been primarily based on the concept of making pure environments throughout the metropolis, and he believed that parks and gardens may very well be used to enhance the standard of life for metropolis residents.

Greatest Frederick Regulation Olmsted panorama designs:

Central Park, NYCBuffalo Park System, New YorkElm Park, Worcester, MassachusettsU.S. Capitol Grounds, Washington D.C.The Biltmore Property, North CarolinaParc du Mont-Royal, Montreal

Bethesda Terrace in Central ParkBethesda Terrace in Central Park

3. Calvert Vaux

Calvert Vaux was an English-American panorama architect who is understood for his partnership with Frederick Regulation Olmsted. Collectively, they designed lots of America’s most well-known public parks, together with Central Park in New York Metropolis.

Vaux was additionally liable for the design of Downing Park in Newburgh – a tribute to his former associate Andrew Jackson Downing who died in a steamboat accident in 1852.

Greatest Calvert Vaux panorama designs:

Central ParkProspect Park, BrooklynDowning Park, Newburgh, New YorkRockwood Park, Saint John, New Brunswick, CanadaThe State Reservation at Niagara

Bow Bridge, Central ParkBow Bridge, Central Park

4. Lancelot “Functionality” Brown

Functionality Brown is taken into account probably the most well-known panorama architects in historical past. He was recognized for his naturalistic landscapes that always used bushes and water options to create a way of serenity and sweetness.

His uncommon nickname, Functionality, got here from his behavior of telling shoppers in regards to the capabilities (aka potential) of their properties. One in every of his most well-known works is the grounds of Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, which was designed for the Duke of Marlborough.

Greatest Functionality Brown panorama designs:

Stowe Panorama Gardens, BuckinghamshireBlenheim Palace, OxfordshireWrest Park, BedfordshireHampton Court, MiddlesexBurghley Home Gardens & Deer ParkChatsworth Home, DerbyshireHarewood Home, Yorkshire

Blenheim Palace grounds in Oxfordshire, UKBlenheim Palace grounds in Oxfordshire, UK

5. Roberto Burle Marx

Roberto Burle Marx was a well-known Brazilian panorama architect who campaigned to protect the Brazilian rainforests. He was additionally a painter, stage set and tapestry designer, and he used these abilities to create some really gorgeous landscapes.

An awesome instance of Burle Marx’s work is on the Copacabana Promenade in Rio de Janeiro, which options stunning mosaic tiles. An avid collector of vegetation, Burle Marx now has over 50 vegetation named after him.

Greatest Roberto Burle Marx panorama designs:

Sítio Roberto Burle Marx – IPHAN, Rio de JaneiroCopacabana Promenade, Rio de JaneiroParque Burle Marx, São PauloBiscayne Boulevard, MiamiInstituto Moreira Salles, Rio de JaneiroMinistry of Schooling and Well being, Rio de Janeiro

The Living Art of Roberto Burle MarxThe Dwelling Artwork of Roberto Burle Marx- picture: NYBG

6. James Nook

James Nook is a panorama architect and concrete designer who is especially well-known for his work on the Excessive Line in New York Metropolis. His architectural agency, James Nook Area Operations, have additionally designed different notable landscapes, corresponding to Domino Park in Brooklyn.

Nook is especially within the relationship between town and nature. He’s notably expert in revitalizing post-industrial websites in a manner that provokes the creativeness.

Greatest James Nook panorama designs:

The Excessive Line, NYCShelby Farms Park, MemphisFreshkills Park, Staten IslandNavy Pier, ChicagoRace Road Pier, Philadelphia

The High Line, NYCThe Excessive Line, NYC

7. Gertrude Jekyll

Gertrude Jekyll was a British panorama architect and horticulturist who’s famend for her use of shade in backyard design. She wrote a number of books and over 1,000 journal articles and her work had an enormous affect on the Arts and Crafts motion.

Gertrude usually labored in collaboration with the architect Sir Edward Lutyens. In all, she designed greater than 400 stunning gardens. The intense pink Gertrude Jekyll English shrub rose by David Austin is a becoming tribute.

Greatest Gertrude Jekyll panorama designs:

Barrington Court docket Manor, SomersetGravetye Manor, SussexHestercombe Home, SomersetGertrude Jekyll Backyard at The Glebe Home, Woodbury, ConnecticutCastle Drogo, Devon

Hestercombe GardensHestercombe Gardens – picture: Scott Zona from USA

8. Louis Benech

Louis Benech is a French panorama architect who goals to combine his designs with present landscapes. He and his design crew have created over 300 park and backyard initiatives.

One in every of his most well-known works is the renovation of the Tuileries Backyard in Paris, which is a stupendous instance of his use of stone and vegetation. Benech all the time considers sustainability and website upkeep in his initiatives, so that they’re as useful as they’re aesthetic.

Greatest Louis Benech panorama designs:

Water Theater Grove, VersaillesThe Élysée Palace Gardens, ParisTuileries Gardens, ParisThe Rose Pavilion, Pavlovskiy Park, St PetersburgGardens of the Achilleion Palace, Corfu

The Tuileries Gardens, Paris, FranceThe Tuileries Gardens, Paris, France

9. Charles Jencks

Charles Jencks was an American panorama architect and architectural historian, well-known for his distinctive designs that always incorporate sculptural parts. He created many groundbreaking public areas.

Charles and his spouse Maggie Keswick Jencks (additionally a proficient backyard designer) co-founded the Maggie’s Centres for most cancers sufferers, after she was identified with terminal most cancers. He designed the Maggie’s Gatehouse Glasgow backyard which encompasses a big DNA sculpture.

Immediately, Charles and Maggie’s daughter Lily carries on the household legacy, together with her design agency that integrates artwork, panorama and structure. She is working to make the Cosmic Home, their extraordinary London household dwelling, open to the general public for guided excursions.

Greatest Charles Jencks panorama designs:

Landform Ueda, Gallery of Fashionable Artwork, EdinburghJupiter Artland close to EdinburghEco-Geo Park, Suncheon, South KoreaNorthumberlandia, Newcastle?What’s Life?, Nationwide Botanic Gardens, Dublin, IrelandSpirals of Time, Parco Portello, Milan

Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in EdinburghScottish Nationwide Gallery of Fashionable Artwork in Edinburgh

10. Kongjian Yu

Kongjian Yu is a Chinese language panorama architect and ecological urbanist whose agency Turenscape has pioneered the Sponge Metropolis strategy. This development mannequin focuses on absorbing rainwater and utilizing it to counter water shortages and to scale back flooding.

Yu usually makes use of sensors and pc packages to create landscapes that reply to the surroundings. In key initiatives such because the Sanya Mangrove Park, he has regenerated the mangroves and added bioswales to catch stormwater.

Greatest Kongjian Yu panorama designs:

Pink Ribbon Park, Qinhuangdao CitySuqian Santaishan Flower Quilt, Jiangsu ProvinceYanweizhou Park, Jinhua CityTongnan Dafo Temple Wetland Park, Chongqing CityShanghai Houtan ParkMinghu Wetland Park, Liupanshui Metropolis

Tianjin Qiaoyuan ParkTianjin Qiaoyuan Park – picture: Joshua L by way of Wikimedia Commons

11. Martha Schwartz

Martha Schwartz is an American panorama architect who additionally has a robust give attention to sustainability. On the similar time, she likes to combine enjoyable parts into her designs.

A working example is the Bagel Backyard in Boston, which she created in her personal entrance backyard whereas her husband was away ;-). Utilizing weatherproofed bagels and purple aquarium gravel, this eye-catching work is something however boring!

Greatest Martha Schwartz panorama designs:

Grand Canal Sq. Plaza, Bord Gáis Vitality Theatre, DublinQatar Petroleum Grounds, DohaMarina Linear Park, San DiegoSplice Backyard, Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, United StatesBoston Bagel GardenJeju Dream Tower landscaping

Bord Gáis Energy Theatre PlazaBord Gáis Vitality Theatre Plaza – picture: Miguel Mendez

12. Wirtz Household

Jacques Wirtz was a Belgian panorama architect who was recognized for his boxwood and yew topiary gardens. Lots of his designs use evergreens, with a view to give curiosity all through the seasons.

Wirtz was impressed by the precision of oriental gardens. Jacques’ sons, Martin and Peter Wirtz are additionally acclaimed panorama architects who’re carrying on the household custom. Wirtz Worldwide Panorama Architects wish to say you could all the time acknowledge a Wirtz backyard as they make massive statements, whether or not the backyard is giant or small.

Greatest Wirtz panorama designs:

Jubilee Park, Canary Wharf, LondonAlnwick Fortress floor, NorthumberlandLes Jardins du Carrousel, Tuileries, ParisArt Gallery De Ziener, Asse, BelgiumUniversity of Antwerp Campus

Alnwick GardensAlnwick Gardens – picture: John Sparshatt

13. Laurie Olin

One in every of America’s most famed panorama architects, Laurie Olin is the recipient of quite a few awards, together with the celebrated Nationwide Medal of Arts. One in every of his finest recognized works is the regeneration of Bryant Park in New York Metropolis.

Drawing by hand, Olin strives to create a way of calm and tranquility in city environments. The Olin Studio has additionally been commissioned to create a design for the brand new Origin Park in Clarksville, Indiana.

Greatest Laurie Olin panorama designs:

eleventh Road Bridge Park in Washington D.C.Bryant ParkRedesign of Columbus Circle, NYCFran and Ray Stark Sculpture Backyard, Los AngelesHudson Yards Redevelopment Mission

Columbus Circle, New York City, USAColumbus Circle, New York Metropolis, USA

14. Peter Walker

Peter Walker is an American panorama architect who is understood for his use of each pure and man-made supplies in his designs. He usually makes use of stone, wooden, and vegetation to create landscapes which might be each stunning and useful.

One in every of his most well-known works is the Nationwide September 11 Memorial in New York Metropolis, which options two giant swimming pools which might be surrounded by bushes and vegetation.

Greatest Peter Walker panorama designs:

Nationwide September 11 Memorial & Museum, NYCJewel Changi Airport, SingaporeBarangaroo waterfront renewal undertaking, SyndneySalesforce Transit Middle and Park, San FranciscoHong Kong New Central HarborfrontQuzhou Sports activities Campus, China

National September 11 MemorialNationwide September 11 Memorial – picture: Marco Almbauer

15. Michael Van Valkenburgh

This American panorama architect and educator adapts his designs to every website, so they’re all barely totally different. His design agency, Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Inc has accomplished greater than 350 initiatives in the US, France, Korea and Canada.

One in every of their notable initiatives is the redesign of Brooklyn Bridge Park. This 85 acre city park situated in Brooklyn, New York Metropolis consists of built-in play parts for youngsters together with small hills and climbing surfaces.

Greatest Michael Van Valkenburgh panorama designs:

Gathering Place, Tulsa, OklahomaBrooklyn Bridge ParkGateway Arch Nationwide Park, St LouisWoodland Backyard, Brooklyn Botanic GardenMonk’s Backyard, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston

Monk's GardenMonk’s Backyard – picture by way of Wikimedia Commons

16. William Kent

An achieved British panorama architect, furnishings designer and painter within the early 18th century, William Kent has left an enduring legacy. Generally referred to as the daddy of the English panorama backyard, he popularized the pure gardening model.

Additionally a proficient architect, he had full artistic management over most of his designs, bringing in furnishings that may complement the home model.

Greatest William Kent panorama designs:

Stowe Panorama Backyard, BuckinghamshireChiswick House, LondonHoughton Corridor & Gardens, NorfolkRousham Home & Gardens, OxfordshireHolkham Corridor, Norfolk

Chiswick House cascadeChiswick Home cascade – picture: Pam Brophy

17. Lawrence Halprin

A famend American panorama designer, Lawrence Halprin paid shut consideration to the consumer expertise in his designs. He pioneered interactive civic fountains, corresponding to Ira Keller Fountain in Portland.

Freeway Park in downtown Seattle is the primary park constructed over a freeway. Accomplished in 1976, the park encompasses a collection of plazas, fountains, plazas and pathways.

Greatest Lawrence Halpin panorama designs:

Ira Keller Fountain, Portland, OregonLovejoy Fountain Park, Portland, OregonFreeway Park, SeattleSalk Institute for Organic Research, La Jolla, CaliforniaThe Sea Ranch grasp plans, California

Ira Keller FountainIra Keller Fountain

In Conclusion: Well-known Panorama Architects

As you may see, panorama structure is a fancy and engaging subject with a protracted historical past of fantastic designs. These are simply a few of the many well-known panorama architects who’ve made vital contributions to rural and concrete landscapes. Every one has their very own distinctive model, they usually have all created some really gorgeous designs.

In the event you’re considering studying extra about panorama structure, remember to try a few of their work. You’ll be amazed at what these proficient people can do.

What’s your favourite design by a well-known panorama architect? Tell us within the feedback!

Learn subsequent: The Best Sculpture Gardens in the World

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The most famous landscape architectsEssentially the most well-known panorama architects

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